Ever wondered what all those bits and bobs in a URL actually mean? I mean, we all use the internet every day, right? We’re constantly clicking links and typing out URLs, but do we really understand what they represent?
So, as a programmer (and a bit of a geek), I couldn’t resist the temptation to create something that unravels this mystery. And that’s how this nifty little applet of mine was born! It’s a fun, interactive tool that I’ve built to help you – and me – decode the various parts of a URL. It’s like a behind-the-scenes tour of your browser’s address bar.
This app breaks down everything from the scheme (that’s the “https” part) to the host (like “www.google.com“), subdomains, domains, subdirectories, the query string, parameter keys, values, and even that little hash symbol (which is actually called a fragment). I’ve put in a few snippets of info explaining each part, to give you an idea of how they all work together to get you to your digital destination.
In fact, even if you’re not a tech whiz, understanding this stuff can be super useful. For instance, knowing about schemes might make you think twice before entering sensitive information on a site that’s not ‘https’ secured. Or recognizing query strings could help you better use search functions on websites.
So, why not take this applet for a spin? Just click on the labels to learn more about each piece of the URL puzzle. By the end of it, you’ll be able to read URLs like a pro and who knows, you might even impress your friends at your next virtual hangout!
- Scheme: This indicates the protocol to be used by the server, like ‘https‘ for secure browsing.
- Host: This identifies the server that’s hosting the web resource, like ‘www.example.com‘.
- Subdomain: This is a subdivision of the main domain, often used to organize content or services, like ‘blog’ in ‘blog.example.com‘.
- Second-Level Domain: The name of a website that signals its brand identity, for example, ‘mlb’ in ‘mlb.com‘.
- Top-Level Domain: This specifies the type of entity your organization registers as, like ‘.com’ for commercial entities or ‘.edu’ for academic institutions.
- Subdirectory: This is a subfolder that gives an indication of the specific webpage section, such as ‘hats’ in ‘https://shop.yourstore.com/hats‘.
- Query String: This is a sequence of non-hierarchical data (parameters) passed to the server for additional instructions or data processing.
- Query Parameter: This is a single query in a query string, consisting of a Key and a Value.
- Parameter Key: This is the unique identifier in a parameter that specifies additional information to the server, such as ‘q’ in ‘https://www.example.com/search?q=apple‘.
- Parameter Value: This is the data value assigned to a key in a parameter, like ‘apple’ in the example above.
- Path: This specifies the location of a specific resource on the server after the domain and any subdomain(s), such as ‘/products/software/index.html‘ in ‘https://www.example.com/products/software/index.html‘.
- Fragment: This is an optional component that directs to a secondary resource within a page, typically identified by a hash symbol (#).
- Separator: This is the delimiter (like ‘://’) that separates the scheme from the hostname or IP address.